The lithium-ion battery is a rechargeable battery that relies mainly on Lithium ions to move between positive and negative electrodes. Lithium-ion batteries use an embedded lithium compound as an electrode material. Currently, the main materials used for lithium ion batteries are: lithium cobalt oxide (LiCoO2), lithium manganate (LiMn2O4), lithium nickel acid (LiNiO2) and lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4).
These lithium-ion batteries and their related products are common in consumer electronics. They are one of the most common types of rechargeable batteries in portable electronic devices, with high energy density, no memory effect, and only slow charge loss when not use.In addition to consumer electronics, more and more advanced lithium-ion batteries are becoming available for use in military, pure electric vehicles and aerospace applications.For example,Lithium iron phosphate batteries is becoming a common replacement of lead-acid battery, lead-acid batteries used in golf cart in history and utility vehicle, but this efficient new batteries have been able to break through the old lithium battery and lead acid batteries of various shortcomings, to achieve the target of comprehensive alternative.